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Before the flight

Pre-flight screening technology of passengers and baggage including hand luggage

General provisions

1. This Technology establishes a procedure for preflight screening of passengers and baggage, including luggage of passengers, crew members, civil aircraft personnel, aircraft supplies, cargo and mail.

2. This Technology shall be subject to compulsory implementation by duty screening staff of airport, passengers and other persons engaged in their activities at the airport.

3. Preflight inspection of passengers and baggage, including luggage of the passengers, crew members, civil aircraft personnel, aircraft supplies, cargo and mail carried out in order to ensure the transport (aviation) security (hereinafter - TS), protection of life and health of passengers, crew members of aircraft and civil aviation personnel, in order to prevent possible attempts to capture (hijack) aircraft and other acts of unlawful interference (hereinafter - AUI) in civil aviation by criminal elements, as well as the smuggling of weapons, ammunition, explosive, toxic, flammable and other hazardous substances and items prohibited for carriage by air transport for TS conditions.

4. The main objective of the preflight inspection is timely detection, prevention and suppression of intrusion attempts on aircraft with weapons by persons, ammunition, explosives, flammable, toxic, radioactive and other dangerous objects and substances that can be used to harm the health of passengers and members of the crew of the aircraft, to create aircraft flight safety threat, or may cause other public emergency (aviation) accidents, and to prevent the smuggling of dangerous objects and substances prohibited for carriage by air transport according to TS conditions, and other items and substances prohibited or restricted for uncontrolled distribution on the territory of the Russian Federation.


Organizing the preflight screening:

1. Preflight screening takes place in special rooms (inspection points) equipped with stationary technical inspection facilities, video surveillance and alarm systems, as well as in rooms for personal (individual) inspection.

2. The following technical and special means are used at preflight screening: X-ray inspection system (scanner), stationary metal detectors and X-ray introscopes, portable (hand-held) metal detectors, x-ray inspection system, means for detection of explosives, portable security devices for detecting dangerous liquids in the closed containers.

3. The pre-flight screening is performed on all domestic and international flights operated by civil aircraft operators, regardless of their type of legal entity and ownership.

Preflight screening during international flights is conducted after the registration of passengers and border, customs, sanitary, quarantine, veterinary, phytosanitary types of control. At domestic flights, baggage is screened prior to registration, screening of passengers and their hand luggage - after the registration procedure.

4. At preflight screening passengers must:

a) present a traffic and identity documents by the request of airport screening officer; as well as all material objects carried to the transport security sector and on board the aircraft: outwear, footwear, headgear, objects under clothing for screening, additional screning and re-inspection;

b) to be screened using screening tools, including requests for additional screening by screening officer;

b) meet the requirements of the inspection staff to prevent the delivery of items and substances specified in the List of prohibited items to the transportation sector of TS;

c) meet the requirements of the inspection staff to prevent the penetration of individuals that cannot be in transportation sector of TS by law;

g) provide answers to the questions of airport security officers that monitor and (or) an interview related to the establishment of the connection of such individuals with the commission or preparation for AUI in airport facilities and aircraft.

5. The grounds for crossing the borders of airport transportation sector by passenger and his/her stay in the territory of the TS are as follows:

a) identity and traffic documents, boarding passes (if necessary), processed according to the established manner (including electronic form), valid at the time of inspection;

b) the absence of items prohibited or restricted for transportation, and substances included in the Lists, except for the cases when the transportation of the respective items and materials is provided on legal grounds;

c) such persons meet the transport security requirements.


Rights and responsibilities of the screening officers during screening


1. The screening staff shall have the right and responsible to:

a) verify and (or) examine ID;

b) check the identity documents with the personality of individuals, check traffic documents, passes of individuals entering the security checkpoint and other documents to identify the reason for the entry of individuals and (or) movement of material objects to the airport transportation sector, or their presence in the airport transportation sector;

c) use of technical means for transport security provision, in accordance with their instructions;

g) be attentive and polite with the screening objects - persons and avoid actions that degrade their dignity;

d) prevent damage to the screening objects, documents and passes;

e) use physical force, special means and firearms in cases and according to the order established by the law;

g) bar passengers from flight that avoid preflight screening.

2. Preflight inspection of passengers and baggage, including luggage is carried out using technical and special means and (or) manual (contact) method.

Inspection of luggage of the passenger is carried out in the presence of a passenger.

3. Preflight inspection of passengers using technical and special means is carried out in the following order:

a) ticket, boarding passes, issued in the established order is checked with the identity of passenger at the entrance to the passenger screening point;

b) passenger is requested to declare about any objects and substances prohibited for carriage on board the aircraft, as well as the things taken from other people (parcels, convolution, etc.) for transportation;

c) passenger is requested to take out items containing metal from clothing (cigarette cases, keys, cigarette packs, etc.), take off outer clothing (coat, jacket, sweater, cardigan, pullover, sweater, etc. ., headgear), belt with width of 4 cm and a thickness of 0.5 cm, shoes, except shoes with a heel height of less than 2.5 cm and with the sole thickness of less than 1.0 cm, and put everything in trays, put on the X-ray conveyor introscope;

a) passenger is requested to pass through a stationary metal detector frame;

b) inspection of the hand luggage, outerwear (coats, jackets, hat), belt, shoes is carried out;

c) if there is an alarm of the stationary metal detector:

- the location of metal objects in the passenger's clothes is specified using a manual metal detector;

- after passenger takes out the metal objects, inspection officer offers him (her) to go through  screening frame again;

- offer passengers re-pass through the frame stationary metal detector after extraction and verification of metal objects;

- if there is an alarm of a metal detector again, screening officer observes and interviews, makes screening of passenger using manual metal detector and manual (contact) screening method.

After passenger undergoes screening, the officer make a mark in traffic documents or boarding pass about passing a pre-flight inspection by the passenger. If the boarding pass is issued in an electronic form, the information is entered into an electronic database screening (if technically possible).

In cases when passengers who passed inspection are moved from the transportation sector into an area of free access (after leaving a checkpoint), marks on the passing an inspection in the traffic document shall be canceled. If the boarding pass is issued in an electronic form, such mark is cleared from screening electronic database.

4. Baggage and hand luggage of passengers, which is defined as potentially dangerous, are subjected to manual (contact) method of screening.

5. Manual (contact) inspection method may be used along with technical and special tools during the preflight screening.

6. Manual (contact) inspection is carried out when you receive messages about the impending seizure or hijacking an aircraft operating a particular flight or the next in a certain direction, and if there are no technical and special means in the screening checkpoint.

Manual (contact) method is carried out during the inspection of:

a) passenger in a loose dress that hides the outline of his/her body;

b) things, the internal contents of which can not be determined with the help of technical and special means;

c) things of the passenger, identified as potentially dangerous;

d) all passengers during the increased threat on an aircraft specific flight.

 7. During the preflight inspection using technical and special means, it is necessary to:

a) check radio, tele, photo and video equipment, audio and video equipment, cell phones, personal computers, toys (hollow and soft);

b) turn on and test the functionality of electronic and electric devices (if there is any suspicion);

c) examine the cases, open and inspect power supplies, tape niche, as well as film cameras (passenger turns on equipment, opens covers of power supplies and cassette niches);

g) visually check tanks with liquids and vacuum flasks.

Uncover, open cases, shake the musical instruments, which in size can not be inspected with the help of technical and special tools, inspect holes and cavities using a special rotary mirror.

8. If is is allowed to carry things and items requiring special precautions at handling: film, photographic, television, radio equipment, electronic devices, musical instruments, glassware, porcelain, ceramics in the passenger cabin of the aircraft.

9. Animals, birds, reptiles and other representatives of fauna, having appropriate veterinary certificates and allowed to be carried on board the aircraft, as well as cells in which they are transported, are inspected visually, and if there is a suspicion, inspection is carried out manually by contact method, and also with devices that provide detection of explosives.

10. Items that can be used as a weapon of attack (ax, saw, ice ax, crossbow, air guns, a gun for underwater hunting, etc.) must be carried only in baggage.

11. Preflight inspection of passengers served in the Lounge for official delegations and Business lounge is carried out in checkpoints equipped in these lounges.

12. Passengers who have implanted devices that stimulate their cardiac activity, are subject to manual (contact) method of inspection without the use of technical and special means.

13. Dangerous objects and substances found at the preflight inspection of passengers that can be used as an assault weapon, but not prohibited for carriage on board the aircraft, are packed and transported in the checked baggage.

14. The dangerous objects and substances detected during the inspection of passengers that are commercially available, but prohibited for carriage on board aircraft are withdrawn filing the act and transferred to store in a specially equipped airport room in accordance with the Russian laws.

15. When weapons, ammunition, dangerous items or substances prohibited for carriage on board the aircraft are withdrawn from the passenger, it is decided to bring him/her to justice in accordance with the Russian legislation.

If such passenger is permitted to fly, his/her baggage is subject to additional preflight inspection.

16. Preflight screening of transit and transfer passengers, including their hand luggage at intermediate airports is conducted on a common basis before the entering to the sterile zone and mixing with the screened passengers for whom this transportation point is initial.

Transit and transfer passengers are not admitted to their checked baggage.

17. Carrying out preflight screening of passenger’s baggage is carried out using technical and special means and (or) by manual (contact) method, and sniffer dogs of canine units of the transport internal affairs agencies can be used.

18. Baggage can be screened in the presence of a passenger and in his/her absence.

19. Screening of luggage in the absence of a passenger if such luggage shall be opened is carried out by a commission, including duty-screening officers, in the presence of two witnesses, and if necessary, representatives of other state control bodies performing various kinds of control.

20. Baggage screened in the absence of passenger is documented by the act of baggage screening in the absence of the passenger.

21. The passenger's baggage, which is defined as potentially dangerous, shall be inspected by the manual (contact) method of inspection.

The procedure for withdrawal, period of storage, sale or disposal of hazardous substances, items and goods prohibited for air transportation

1. Dangerous substances and items found in hand luggage, baggage of passenger and prohibited for carriage by air are withdrawn. Withdrawal is documented by the act. In the case items, for the production and storage of which administrative or criminal liability is provided, these items are withdrawn and documented by a police officer, in accordance with the Russian law.

2. Withdrawn dangerous substances and objects, which are commercially available, but are prohibited for carriage on civil aircraft (gas cylinders, gas cans, flammable paint products, etc.) are given to persons accompanying passenger or kept in the room for the withdrawn things in a safe, along with a copy of the act of withdrawal. Items withdrawn up to 3 months may be given to the owner or his representative (by proxy) after the presentation of an identity document, with a signature of the recipient in the act.